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An ancient culture from the Balkan peninsula wages civilizational marches and spreads Magura name at more than 2 000 places around the world

декември 9, 2014

ABSTRACT

While speculations and researches about Magura [mag’ura] name used to be perfunctory – by the academic science, and intuitive and unproved – by me, now the study has been done on the base of the information gathered from tens of reliable sources, which are noted in this publication.

Exact replicas of the name Magura are found and 199 places around the world, mostly on the Balkan peninsula, in Eastern India and Japan. Very similar analogues of the name are found at more than 2 000 other places around the world – probably making Magura the most abundant toponym at all. The name is not linked to any sense in many of the locations, meaning that it has been inherited and has not originated there as it means nothing to local people. And in the rest of the places the name is related to the same types of objects. These objects are always hills, caves, springs and priests, showing that the name has come there by the same source as the meaning is well stable.

The applied information clearly reveals that the full meaning of the name Magura has been separated during historical terms into four parts, everyone of which has been inherited in the respective direction. This makes it clear, that the only collective place for all the meanings is Magura cave itself, which states it as the source of the meanings and the beginning of the spread which can be observed today.

Magura name routes are clearly distinguished on the world’s map and reveal the traces of ancient Balkans marches to bring civilization and culture to the world.

The prehistory of the present position

In 2008 it was my first time to enter the Gallery of the paintings in Magura cave, located some 25 km away along the road from Belogradchik, to the North-west. Till then, it had never come to my mind to reflect on the cave’s name, but after I saw the paintings, thinking on this topic became a necessity. This was minutely described in the book „Magura initiation“ where I share what impression the paintings did to me and why I started studying them so irresistibly that I have been doing mainly this for seven years till now. I found the paintings to be a philosophy record from the deep antiquity and this made it very interesting to me why the cave is called exactly Magura and where the name comes from – whether it carries additional information about the meaning of the paintings.

There are many solid statements that language evidences have little significance due to numbers of reasons, for example the considerable volatility of languages, the lack of direct and firm relation between language and ethnicity, etc. But it is too unacceptable for me to try to find and explain the meaning of Magura cave paintings without having sufficient knowledge and understanding about its name. A few basic directions are possible:

  1. the name was given to the cave in such period, that there is no relation between the name and the designation of the cave back then. In this case, studying the cave’s name has no sense, because it adds no knowledge about the paintings;
  1. the name has a meaning, but it is related to an external feature of the cave with no relation to its basic designation,which was meant by the paintings’ creators;
  1. the name has a meaning which is exactly related to the cave’s designation, which was meant by the paintings’ creators.

Let’s study the first assumption, according to which the name was assigned to the cave just like that – not known for what reason, but with no connection to its designation and essence. The basic objection to this assumption is that the cave has never been lost, forgotten and completely abandoned during its history. Archaeology has found evidences of human presence in the cave for the whole period from 50 000 – 40 000 years ago till nowadays, which means that the paintings have always been known after their creation. Therefore the cave’s basic essence has always been known and there is no possibility that such a period existed, in which the cave could be named without a connection to its essence, because the essence has always been accessible.

Secondly, the name’s sense may be related to an external feature, for example to the fact that the cave is located inside a hill. This is exactly the thesis of academic science, according to which the name comes from Romanian language, where „magura means a hill, a mound. This is an example for naming based on an external feature – with no relation to the designation of the cave as local people back then understood it. Unfortunately, I have got no information whether the whole Rabisha hill, inside which the cave is located, was called Magura – therefore as time passed the name transferred to the cave, but had been initially meant for the hill. If this is true, it can significantly change my present understanding on the topic.

At the end, there goes the thesis that the name is related directly to the cave and especially to its basic designation as a depositary for the paintings, i.e. as an ancient library for the most significant knowledge of that time. The study ahead deals exactly with this thesis.

On the basis of the submitted speculations, I draw the following

Hypothesis 1: The name Magura originates from the meaning of the paintings and contains information related to them.

Hypothesis 1 is to be supported or denied as the study goes on.

During the first six years of my studies about the meaning of the paintings, the main source of my assumptions was my intuition, my sense, which brought some idea to my attention, which I felt to be correct. Those ideas, emerging from the intuition, were logical. After every sense on the topic I started to search for the reason and the explanation why it was true. Actually, this was exactly the way I worked on Magura topic during most of the time and this is what allowed me study it in such depths, which appear to be impossible for the firm scientific reasoning, where sense and intuition are systematically disregarded as immeasurable and unprovable.

After I saw the paintings and realized that they contain knowledge about magic, there was no way not to notice the name Magura contains the root mag, which completely obviously is the root of the word magic. [In Bulgarian – the name of the cave is Магура, the word for a magician is магьосник or маг,  and the word for magic is магия, which is really close to Магура. During my studies I realized that it will be impossible or really hard for a person to study Magura philosophy without knowing Bulgarian language, but I will try to explain and make the reader understand and feel the knowledge.] For a very long time I didn’t undertake to prove this hypothesis – for me it was obvious, i.e. self-proving. I was thinking of various option, I was separating the name into syllables, because I sensed that this approach could reveal the meaning of the name. I started separating the name like ma-gu-ra, mag-u-ra and so on, till one day I noticed that the present common name Magurata [in Bulagrian Магурата] suggests that it is indeed a noun magura, which has turned into appellative and later on – into a name, but in some subconscious memory of Bulgarians magura is a noun and therefore we add the full article -ta. [In Bulgarian language names are never articulated. If the name is Иван, we never articulate it Ивана or Иванът. Articles are added only to nouns. Therefore, as Магура is commonly articulated to Магурата, it means that a магура is a noun and is feminine as the article is -та.] This fact supports the academic hypothesis that the name comes from Romanian language, where magura is a noun. The idea is as it follows: local Bulgarians knew that the name was indeed a noun and therefore it could be articulated. But it is also possible that the articulation took place one step prior – that there was the noun магур, masculine, which is partially articulated to магура, meaning that we refer to the object magur.

Then I suggested it was possible that the word was indeed magur. This logic lead me to divide the word into the syllables mag-ur. I recalled the names of the first acknowledged by the history cities in the world, according to my schoolbooks of that time – Ur and Uruk and again the re was no way not to notice the insistent repetition of the root ur – always concerning towns. Hence I came to the conclusion that ur means a town, organized human activity, the place to do something. With this idea I started to check the names of other Sumerian towns and I found the names Nippur and Shuruppak, which completely confirmed my prior assumption. Then I checked the meaning and the origin of the word mag (a mage) and I found that mag means an educated, initiated, skillful person in ancient Persia. Thus I came up with the first logical reading of the word mag-ur as the town, the organization, the place of the initiated – the school, the university. This was a wonderful confirmation of the assumption that paintings contain encoded knowledge and philosophy and that they and the cave were used for the initiation of mages, i.e. they were used as a school.

After that I thought about a number of hypotheses, one of which firmly attracted my attention – I found it in a book based on the lectures of Robert Morning Sky. Then I obtained another piece of information from a TV program. Thus a number of hypotheses emerged, all of them leading to the idea that Magura was the very initial school of modern human or at least the initial school in a period of time, which came after a planetary catastrophe – thus serving as a library for the records of a prior civilization. These records survived only in Magura cave and therefore it became a world school, which had a strong influence on the development of modern humanity and made us what we are with respect to our religions, philosophies and teachings, because all of them originated from Magura cave records – the paintings themselves.

On your attention – the most systematized till now materials and speculations about what Magura name means and where it comes from.

THE NAME MAGURA

One of the first questions, which rose about Magura cave and its strange paintings, was the one about its name. I sulked the first time, when I heard the explanation that the names comes from Romanian language. As my first realization about the paintings was that they were related to magic, reading the name Magura as originating from magic was completely natural and I wanted it to be so in order to have one more confirmation, that knowledge of magic had been recorded there. I that time, I believed in Magura and its ancient, great knowledge and I needed various factors to support my faith. Thinking that the name Magura originated from the root of the word magic made me much more confident in my hypotheses. Therefore the assumption that the name Magura originated just from the Romanian word for hill was a source of discomfort for me.

Long time has passed since then, I have done numerous researches and speculations and what then was guesses and senses is now proofs arranged in a logical and graphic order. For example, I have redrawn and counted the paintings and this allowed me to order them in a variety of groups, so I could really and obviously see that I was right in my ideas about cosmogony, chemical elements, forces, spirit, soul, etc. Therefore I already know that Magura paintings describe magic and high knowledge, so I don’t need to believe it.

Now I can review the hypotheses of the origin and meaning of the name Magura much more calmly and unintentionally.

This allows me to motivate the assumption of the paintings as a record of ancient knowledge in a much better way and through this to attract the attention of people with specialized and deep knowledge, so that the topic can be further developed. At this stage I am convinced that Magura cave paintings served as the base for the development of greatest human civilizations since Homo sapiens exists. I find that the potential of the knowledge in the paintings has not depleted and we, modern people can benefit from it as well, if we read and apply it.

Names show the cognizable meaning of objects and phenomena

Prior to all, I want to explain why I delve so much into the name topic.

When we examine objects, places and phenomena, it is really necessary for us to study their names especially if they are the original ones. The reason is that things are named in such a way, that names should possibly carry the utmost correspondence and equality to their nature.

Hypothesis 2: Magura is the original cave’s name or it is very similar to the original one.

Later on, we are going to see that the words in Bulgarian language really correspond to the nature of objects, places and phenomena. Such correspondence exists in other languages as well, but I can not be that certain about this as I do not know those languages to the necessary extent, as I know my native language, so I could state this for sure.

It is necessary to disregard the modern phenomenon, in which marketing departments create senseless names for the products. Such a phenomenon did not exist in ancient times, when there were no consumer societies and there was not such a competition for the consumer’s attention, i.e. there was not this urgent necessity to create countless names in order to designate numbers and numbers of new products.

Hypothesis 3: Names and denotations are the shortest route to the perceptible, understandable nature of objects and phenomena.

For example, the word computer originates from (is a derivative of) the verb compute and thus reflects the essence of the computer, which performs billions of computations every second and through this does what we aim at. In Romance languages a computer is called ordinateur or a similar word, which means the one who fulfills orders and this is another important feature of computers. Часовникът  [in Bulgarian часовник – a watch; часовникът – the watch] is obviously related to time and hours, which it measures [часовник originates from the word час, which means an hour. Bulgarian is far more consistent than English]. Свещта [in Bulgarian свещ – a candle; свещта – the candle] is called so, because it lights [in Bulgarian светя, свети – to light; the word свещ derives from the verb светя]. Леглото [in Bulgarian леглото – the bed] serves to lay on it [in Bulgarian да легна – to lay], очилата [in Bulgarian очила – glasses; очилата – the glasses] are for the eyes [in Bulgarian око – an eye; очи – eyes. The word очила derives from the verb очи.], багрилото [in Bulgarian багрило – dye; багрилото – the dye] is used to color [in Bulgarian багра – color, tint; обагрям – to dye, to tint, to color.], червилото [in Bulgarian червило – a lipstick; червилото – the lipstick] is used to color in red [in Bulgarian червен – red; червя – to color in red]. Many more examples can be applied.

A fact: many other words have been created in a more complex way by the conjunction of two or more words into a new one.

An example is the word telephone, which means a voice on a distance, which is indeed the essence of the telephone. The word is created on the base of the roots τῆλε (tele) and φωνή (phone), which are words themselves and mean voice and distance. Their origin is Greek and now they have been articulated together in the word telephone, in order describe briefly and clearly its designation. Another example is the word automobile, which is derived from the Ancient Greek word autós (αὐτός), meaning „self„, and the Latin word mobilis, meaning „movable„. People have joined the two words in order to create a new one, which describes the most important feature of a car. Then the word television means a distant sight – the same logic to construct a word, which describes the nature of the pnenomenon.

We [Bulgarians] have the word самолет [самолет – an airplane], which contains the two roots сам [сам – self] and летя [летя – to fly]. There are many more words like светоусещане, мироглед, светоглед, себепознание, себеуважение, чуждопоклонничество, родолюбие, човелюбие, etc. all of which are complex and created through the combination of other Bulgarian words.

While some words have been created recently due to technical advance, with nature’s laws discovery and the invention of devices for their use, other words are older and it may appear to us that they have always existed and we rarely reflect on their construction and meaning – we just use them, somehow intuitively knowing their sense. It is good indeed that there are newly-created words so we can easily recall and understand that words are created for the possibly most clear and direct representation of the nature of objects and phenomena.

Words are the names of things ans phenomena and indeed all names, including personal names, mean something, because they originate from nouns. Therefore, in order to convey a qualitative survey on Magura cave paintings and Magura culture, we must deeply reflect on the meaning of the name Magura, because it is expected to hold important information for the cave’s designation in the past.

A fact: There is sense and meaning not only in nouns, but in personal names as well, as they used to be nouns in the past, which used to describe different professions, crafts, skills, positions, etc.

Basic hypotheses about the meaning and the origin of the name Magura

There are, according to my point of view, seven basic understandings of what the name Magura means and where it comes from:

  1. The name comes from Romanian, where the word magura means a hill, a mound;
  2. Analysis of the roots MAGURA;
  3. Analysis of the roots MAGUR;
  4. Analysis of the roots MAGUR;
  5. An explanation based on Robert Morning Sky’s lectures;
  6. Analysis of the similarity with the word могила [a mound];
  7. The name means nothing, it just sounds good.

Why is it interesting to know the meaning and the sense of the name Magura? First of all, because apparently this name has no root in Bulgarian language and it obviously does not originate from it. Except for this, there is no evidence that the cave has ever had another name, which leads to the conclusion that Magura is the original name of the cave and it originates from a previous culture. All these are interesting topics, because they allow us to touch a stable remain from an unknown culture. Not the least, it is interesting to know the meaning of the name as it may help us study the most important feature of the cave – its prehistoric paintings. Well, the study of the paintings has been conveyed up to a significant extent during my researches, but the name may show where they come from and how they have affected the development of mankind.

  1. Hypothesis 4, according to which the name Magura comes from Romanian languge

First of all comes this completely obvious hypothesis with respect to the fact that the name Magura has no root in Bulgarian language and must have been inherited from an external source. Supposedly, this transition could not have happened long ago, because we, Bugarians have been living here for many centuries and for such a long period we could have and we should have changed this name with one which is understandable in our language. Normally, a nation should not tolerate the presence of foreign toponyms on its territory for a very long time. Therefore we must search for present names and languages, which must, in addition, be located geographically close so that the transition can take place.

It doesn’t take a lot of search, because it is easy to find a believable and completely logical explanation in Romanian language, where the word magura means a hill, a mound and a height. It is true that Magura cave is located inside a solitary height in the Danube plain and is indeed a hill and a mound as well. Because the cave is located relatively close to the Bulgarian border with Romania and due to historical issues like the Wallachian Kingdom from the Middle ages and the Wallachian population in the areas near the Danube river, it is almost obvious and natural that the name comes from Romanian language.

Because of these facts and pieces of obviousness, the so drawn explanation used to be perfectly satisfying for a very long period of time and has not been questioned more so as one understands it naturally.

But, this explanation cracks, if it is observed more carefully.

At first, the word magura has no root in Romanian language and it is very strange how a word could be part of a language, in which it has nothing to originate from.

Secondly, the word magura is out of use in Romanian language, where the word deal is used for a height, and a mound is called movila. Romanians themselves state that the word magura is archaic and is not used in everyday language. Obviously, the word magura has remained in Romanian language as a toponym – it’s true – a very common one. Hundreds of places in Romania have the name Magura and most of those places are hills and mounds, as well as a number of populated places. But we know that toponyms can be inherited, which explains why the word magura has no root in that language – because it has been inherited.

Then, the hypothesis of the Romanian origin does not explain why the same toponym and word (Magura), even as a personal name, are vastly found in Central and Western Europe, in Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, Bangladesh, West Bengal, Japan, Northern Africa. Really Romanian folklore and culture influenced half of the world still in times, when these folklore and culture had not yet come to existence?

This is, obviously, impossible and another explanation must be found, according to which Romanians have inherited the name and the word.

Another assumption is that the name Magura actually comes not from Romanian but from Latin. Thus it is normal that the name has been inherited by Romanians as their language is Romanic as well as Latin. It is also certain that the Balkans, Central and Western Europe and Northern Africa were possession of the Roman empire. This makes it clear why the toponym has spread in these places.

This hypothesis is a further development of the Romanian explanation of Magura name’s origin and is a translation of the question to more ancient times in order to avoid the uneasiness caused by the lack of a root in Romanian language. Indeed, it is not a real step towards the solving of the problem.

There is no root of the word magura in Latin as well.

The necessity to search deeper and deeper in the past becomes obvious.

In order to make a better illustration to this statement, it is necessary to supply actual abstracts from Romanian language. The territory of Romania is just next to the territory of Bulgaria and in the close area of Magura cave, and – furthermore – there are many maguras and Maguras in Romania, making Romanian language the most suspected origin.

One of the sources of information, which I checked, is Dictionar ortografic al limbii romane [Orthographic dictionary of Romanian words], a part of the series Biblioteca scolarului [Students’ library], published by LETERA. The dictionary contains some 22 000 words. It does not contain the word magura and its roots or derivatives.

talkoven rechik rumanski

Figure 1. An excerpt from the dictionary Dictionar ortografic al limbii romane.

This can be clearly seen in the excerpt from the dictionary (Figure 1), where the word magnolie is directly followed by the word mahmudea, i.e. there is not even a trace of a word which is at lest similar to magura.

It can be suggested that in the case of 22 000 words, the lack of the word magura is an evidence of its very rare use in Romanian language, which proves the information supplied by Romanians, who live constantly in Romania and are completely aware of the language’s peculiarities, that the word is out of use and is an archaic remain.

Then there goes information from the huge encyclopedic dictionary of Romanian language, located at http://www.vocabular.ro/. The word magura is listed in it with the meaning of a separate hill, a height in a plain. There is the derivative magurica, which is a diminutival of magura, and means a small hill.

Here I apply an excerpt from the mentioned dictionary (Figure 2), where we see the similarly written and pronounced words, among which the origin of the word magura is to be searched for: maguiatamagulamagulemagulealamagulimaguliciosmagulitmagulitormagulitura,magupiemаguramagurelemagurica.

Magura izvadka

Figure 2. An excerpt from the dictionary http://www.vocabular.ro.

– maguata – no translation of the word can be found;

– magula – there is no translation of the word, but is available as a surname;

– magule – cheekbones, the jut of the shoulders;

– maguleala – the act of flattery; a word or a gesture of flattery; a flattery, a mystification (maguli + the suffix eala);

– maguli – to flatter; to trick; a maguli – to offend; a decoy, a caress, a seduction, comfort, a lie, a fraud, etc.;

– magulicios – the adjective of maguli;

– maguliri – a conjugation of the verb maguli;

– magulit – flattered;

– magulitor – flatterer;

– magulitura – flattery;

– magupie – a word related to an oven, a bakery;

– magura – a separated hill, a height in a plane, a mountain, a mound;

– magurele – no translation; it is used as a personal name and a name of populated places;

– mugur – a bud, a pimple;

– magurica – a small hill –the diminutival of magura;

It is obvious that these words are not the roots of the word magura, but they appear to be its derivatives, which will be explained later.

Except for what has been demonstrated, the possible roots of the word magura in Romanian language must be searched for and among them should be words like mag, gura, ura and others similar to them.

Here is what the same encyclopedic dictionary of Romanian language says about the word mag:

MAG – a priest in some ancient eastern nations; a scientist, a philosopher, an astrologist, a magician; The Three Magi;

Then there goes the interpretation from the same dictionary, but from another source:

In antiquity – a priest in eastern nations; a person, who predicts the future; an educated person, who knows everything, a philosopher; a person, who casts spells, a magician;

A special impression is done by the second interpretation of the mag, which powerfully contrasts with the one in the encyclopedic dictionary of Bulgarian language:

Mag – 1. an Ancient Persian, a Median or a Chaldean priest, who as well practiced astrology; 2. A conjuror, an enchanter, a magician.

We can see the far more meager understanding of Bulgarians about what a mag is than Romanians understand it, which probably reveals some stinting and loss of traditions and knowledge on the territory of Bulgaria. This also nicely corresponds to the fact, that there are only a few toponyms Magura on Bulgarain territory, while Maguras are abundant in Romania. Due to a historical reason, which has produced cultural consequences, some ancient knowledge and traditions have been preserved much better to the north from Danube river, while they have been significantly lost to the south from the river.

There are a few more possible roots of the word magura in Romanian language:

MAGA – although, anyway;

GURA – a mouth;

UR – ugly, repulsive, antipathetic; what causes antipathy;

URA – an expression of excitement, enthusiasm, approval; a feeling of aggression towards someone;

So far, the exact word magura is found in Romanian language with the meaning of a hill, a mound. Having in mind the features of the cave paintings, this explanation is not satisfying enough, as the paintings reveal a thorough, deep and a high level philosophy. The cave’s name should not concern just the fact that the cave is located inside of a hill, but it should concern what the cave keeps inside – the prehistoric paintings with knowledge encoded inside them. Furthermore, the cave has been almost constantly visited during its history, including the last 2 000 years, because of which the paintings have constantly been known. Therefore a necessity exists that the cave’s name originates not only from the fact that it is located inside of a hill, but from the meaning of the prehistorical paintings.

The similar words which have been found in Romanian language, are possibly related to the meaning of the word magura, as well as to the name Magura due to their similar construction and pronunciation.

The word maguli, which means cheekbones and the jut of the shoulders, is obviously related to the meaning of a hill, of a height, because cheekbones and the jut of the shoulders are kinds of hills – they are heights in comparison to the local parts of the body.

Then the word mugur means a bud of a flower, which is again a kind of a height compared to the near area.

The verb muguli and its derivatives, which were listed above and which mean to flatter, to seduce, to lie – has no relation to the meaning of a height, of a hill. The question remains, whether this verb could be somehow related to Magura cave. There is a possibility for a relation, as the prehistorical paintings of Magura cave concern ancient knowledge, which is the base of magic and could be used even for illusions, decoys, tricks and fraud, i.e. for the creation of illusory world and ideas in order to gull someone and benefit on this. The same is true in the case of flattery. All these actions concerning flattery, fraud, decoy are directed towards human mentality, which is mainly the deal of magic, which tends to influence human mind and actions. This is enchantment.

The word mag is of foreign origin in Romanian language (as it is almost in all languages around the world) although the concept of its meaning there is pretty rich. Then we have the word ur meaning antipathetic. If we suppose that these two words are the roots of the word magur, then we will have the word mag-ur – an antipathetic (a hostile) mage, which has no relation to the meaning of a hill but can be related to the supposed magi, who were educated in the knowledge of the prehistorical paintings. Those magi could be in a way antipathetic to local people, for example with the use of the knowledge and skills for outrage. The same interpretation can be applied to composite word mag-ura, where ura has a meaning of a feeling of aggression.

On the basis of what has been shown so far, it looks really convincing, that the name Magura comes from Romanian language because of the numerous similar in sense and construction words. The problem is only that the possible roots in Romanian language mean different things. For example, the meanings of a hill and to flatter, to lie have nothing to do with one another as it is in Bulgarian, for example, with the words ход [a march], проход [a passage], преход [a transition], прехождам [rollover]. At the same time, mag with the meaning of a person who knows everything, and magura with the meaning of a hill have no relation between. Mag-ur, which should be a antipathetic mage is in no way related to magura, which means a hill. At the same time mag-ur is logically related to maguli, which means to flatter, to lie, to deceive.

All this mess can be explained by an external origin of these words and roots. If Magura cave was a significant educational center in the deep antiquity, then Rabisha mogila [могила – a hill, a mound] itself (the hill, the cave is located inside) should turn into a byword for a hill, i.e. for a magura, which word would be used later with the meaning of a hill.

This is the reason why in Romanian language the initial and direct word is magura and it is archaic – inherited from an unknown source, which is atypical for Romanian language.Therefore the word magura has the derivatives Magurele, which is a surname and name of a few populated places, and magurica, which is the diminutival of magura. There are also the derivatives mugur (a bud), magule (cheekbones) and maguli (to flatter, to lie, to deceive). This means that in a deep past the word magura was adopted in Romanian language under the influence of powerful factors and on the base of this word derivatives have been created. But the word magura was in no way a natural part of Romanian language, because it has not been derived from any roots in this language, which as well explains why with the time passing the word has been abandoned.

The word magura has been adopted in Romanian language after the name of the cave and therefore possesses one of its meanings – the one that the cave is located inside a hill.

It is so exciting to find this so powerful factor, which had such vast influence and impact that it managed to implant a word in a language and make it create and use its derivatives. From my current point of view, this factor was the cave itself with its important paintings and its original name Magur / Magura existing unchanged since some very deep antiquity. The only reason for the name to have never been changed is the impressive significance of the cave as a school for all mankind in all historical periods after the school’s initial establishment.

magura name in Romanian language

Figure 3. An assumption for the spread of the word magura in Romanian language.

2. Hypothesis 5, according to which the meaning and the origin of the name are explained through the analysis of the syllables MA-GURA

The analysis of the name by syllables appears to be a good approach, because it is supposed that in the very deep past records were created with the use of ideographs – images, which simultaneously bring a number of related meanings. Later on those ideographs were assigned with pronunciation in the form of syllables, which furthermore were reduced to separate letters. Letters, in turn, inherited their shapes from the ideographs, and their pronunciation – from the syllables. This formed ages when syllables used to have the complex meanings of complete words. It is known as well, that syllables in ancient languages really had the complete meanings of words and the complex words there were formed through the articulation of completely meaningful syllables. Then it is logical to be checked whether the syllables in the name Magura are meaningful in an ancient language and the whole name as well.

The syllable MA is the root of the word MOTHER in a really large number of languages around the world. MA is the ancient name of the Goddess-mother and the Sumerian goddess of mind is Umma. In Bulgarian mind is ум (pronounced [um]), which is strongly related to Umma. A triune depiction of the Goddess-mother exists in Magura cave and one of her aspects is the Goddess of mind – the enlighter and the teacher of mankind, which is an important coincidence. Thus Magura paintings state tham the Goddess of mind is one of the three aspects of the triune Goddess-mother. The name of the Goddess-mother is MA, and the Sumerian name of the Goddess of mind is Umma, as ум [um] in Bulgarian means mind. Thus we get UM-MA – MIND-GODDESS-MOTHER.

GURA may be read by analogy with the word GURU, which means a teacher. GURA sounds to be of feminine gender, thus meaning a woman, who is a teacher. This is again a coincidence with the representation of the Goddess-mother in Magura cave as a teacher in one of her aspects. Guru means a master, a mentor as well and in Latin this is magister.

According to this interpretation, MA-GURA is the Goddess-mother – the Teacher, which completely corresponds to what Magura paintings state.

A teacher (a GURU) is most of all perceived as the agent of oral presentation of the teaching. The Romanian word GURA means a mouth. In Bulgarian language, on the other hand, there used to be a tradition that skilled people were called УСТА [in Bulgarian уста – a mouth], which used to mean that those people were teachers, mentors, masters.

The word guru comes from Hindi, where it means a teacher. The origin of the word guru and its meaning are related with a teaching, which used to be taught in the form of oral tradition, which means that the teacher is the one who transmits the teachings verbally. This is an amazing similarity among gura (a mouth), guru (a teacher) and уста (a mouth), which means a mentor, a master. Furthermore that the word gura in Romanian language does not originate from Latin, therefore it can be suggested that its origin is Thracian. Then it becomes logical why and how the word guru appeared with the meaning of a teacher in an Indian teaching – the reason for this are the ancient Thracian marches, which will be revealed later on.

3. Hypothesis 6, according to which the meaning and the origin of the name Magura are explained through the analysis of the syllables MAG-UR

In modern world the word MAG comes from Persian, where it means and educated, adept and skilled person. Magi were the priests of Zoroastrianism in Ancient Persia. This is the root of the word magician – a person, who obviously masters some knowledge and skills allowing him to do its magic. The Latin word magister originates from the same root and it means a master, a mentor – all of them are nouns, which suppose education, skill and proficiency.

There is even a possibility that Bulgarian verb мога [moga] (I can) originates from the word mag as well, as it has a similar construction and sense, being able takes being aware, skilled and adept. In Russian the verb is я могу [ya magu] (I can) which is phonetically very similar to the word mag.

The word mag probably originates from the word MA, which was mentioned above and which means the Goddess-mother who is the Goddess of mind as well. It is completely natural that knowledge, skills and proficiency come from the Goddess of mind so her name is their base. For example, the Hellenic goddess Hecate was triune as well and was the master of knowledge and skills so anyone who wanted to learn a new skill, should turn to her. Later on it will be shown that the triune Hecate derives from the much more ancient triune Goddess-mother from Magura, who has exactly the same epithets and features, i.e. the two goddesses are the same. One of Magura’s Goddess-mother epithets is the one of the Teacher and all knowledge and skills originate from her.

It is logical the Persian word mag to have originated from the Sumerian word Ma (Umma) due to inheritance, evoked by the habitation of the same area and the sharing of similar philosophies and religions. Well, this is a speculation, but not a fact which I can refer to.

The dictionary Sumerian Lexicon Version 3.0 By John A. Halloran provides information about the meaning of the interesting Sumerian word. The word ur is found there with the following meanings:

  • ur – dog; carnivorous beast; servant; young man; warrior; enemy; shiver; modest;
  • urto surround; to flood; to erase; to obliterate;
  • úrfloor; base; root;
  • ùr – roof; entrance; mountain passage; beam; rafter;
  • ur – liver; splinter; heart; soul; main body; base; loan; debt; interest; woman slave;

It is interesting to note the similarity among Romanian words ur – antipathetic, ura – a feeling of aggression and the Sumerian word ur – a fighter, an enemy. The same word found with similar meanings in two geographically distant areas – this supports the assumption that the words, the senses and the name have migrated in one or in the opposite direction in some historical times. This supports the assumption that the name Magura is to be explained with the words and meanings of Sumerian language.

Another one of the possible roots is the word gu:

  • gustring; thread; snare; web; needle;
  • – neck; nape; river bank; side; other side; edge; land;
  • – noise; sound; voice;
  • gu – храна; ям; консумирам;

Then there is the word ma:

  • mabind; tie; lace;
  • ma – to go;
  • – boat;
  • ma – leave; depart; go out;

The word ra:

  • ra – inundation; flood; strike; cut; poke; impale; slay; excitement; stir; to flood; to overflow; grad; pull; haul;

The word uru:

  • uru – town; village; settlement; a devastating flood; high; deep;
  • ùru – to keep; to protect;
  • uru – to plow; to till; to cultivate; – the similarity between the Sumerian verb uru (to plow) and the Bulgarian verb ора [ora] (to plow) is impressive;
  • uru – a post; a support;
  • uru – valiant; strong; powerful; smart;

The word gur:

  • gur – to dance; to jump; to skip; to leap;
  • gur – a reed basket; to rotate; to rotate into a circle; give back; to return; to protest; to contradict;
  • gúr – sphere; circle; ring; loop; to bend; to surrender; to curb; to die;
  • gur – to be large; to be gifted; to turn around; to roll over; to run; thick; dense; rough; great; very strong;
  • guru – divide; to separate; to cut;
  • guru – high; deep;

The syllable UR obviously comes from Sumerian where it means a place, a center and a town as a place of human settlement and activities. Therefore the first cities were named Ur, Uruk, Nippur and Shuruppak – always with the insistent repetition of the syllable UR.

Once we know this, we easily realize that MAG-UR means the Place of the educated, the Town of the adept and others such, i.e. the school, the university. MAG-UR is a noun which is related to the functions of the cave as an educational center. And this function was possible because of the ancient paintings there.

MAG – adept, educated, skilled, able

UR – a place, a site

Nowadays a mistake is often made and the cave is called Magurata, which is the fully articulated name Magura and this is not right, because in Bulgarian language names can not contain articles. But there is the possibility that the name Magura is articulated as well from the word magur. In Bulgarian, adding the partial article -а for nouns of masculine gender makes the nouns objects, and the full article -ът added to nouns of masculine gender makes them subjects. An example: „Let’s go to the Magura“ is the translation of the Bulgarian phrase „Да отидем до Магурата“, which is incorrect ans Magura is a name. Then another example: „Let’s go to Magura“ means to go to the cave and cave is referred to by its name – this is correct. Then the last example: „Let’s go to the magur“, which in Bulgarian is „Да отидем в магура“, where the object is магура [the magur] and it is written and pronounced in exactly the same way as the name Magura. The only difference is in the writing is the capital letter. Once I go to the magur [в магура – an object] and the other time I go to Magura [в Магура – a name]. Therefore I assume that once the cave used to be called a magur, which was referred as the magur, which due to grammar of Bulgarian language is one articulated word magura [магура – as an object] – and this, in the end, became the name Magura. Thus the initial magur used to be a school, which produces magi, i.e. skilled, educated and adept people. This is completely logical as the paintings themselves reveal a system of knowledge, which can be taught and learned.

There are more fact in support of this. For example, in Bulgaria there is no personal name Magura, while it can be found in the rest of the places where the toponym Magura exists. What does it mean? Nobody names his children School, Police, Municipality, Court, Hospital, etc. because he knows that these are institutions, but not personal names. If a nation has a memory, although is may have already become subconscious, that this is indeed an institution, they will not use the word as a personal name. This use will be still possible for another nation who does not have this memory.

Then, here is what the logic is: the toponym Magura is concentrated most of all on the Balkan peninsula, because these are the closest areas to Magura school and therefore it had the utmost impact on these places, which explains the highest concentration of the toponym. By moving away from the Balkans the concentration of the toponym decreases and this matches the supposed model of the degression of the Magura school’s influence due to increase of distance, but the moving away causes an increase of the frequency of the name’s use as a personal name exactly due to the forgetting, caused by the bigger distances from the source.

4. Hypothesis 7, according to which the meaning and the origin of the name Magura are explained through the analysis of the syllables MA-GUR

Here Ma (Umma) is again the Sumerian Goddess of mind, and GUR is the Sumerian word for kind, offspring, community, set. MA-GUR is then the offspring of the Goddess of mind, i.e. these are people themselves.

The original name of Noah’s arch is MAGUR and it comes from Sumerian language. It is understandable that mankind’s survival is the survival of mind’s offspring. There is logic in the cave’s name being Magura (deriving from MA-GUR), because it appears according to the cave paintings, that their creation was a trial to save ancient knowledge, which is a kind of Noah’s arc, but not in terms of the body, but in terms of humanity and civilization.

On the other hand, there is logic in the cave’s name being Magura (deriving from MA-GUR), because the paintings tell the story that the Goddess-mother in her aspect of Teacher inoculated mind into the human body thus creating her offspring of mind. This is another confirmation.

5. Hypothesis 8: An explanation based of Robert Morning Sky’s lectures

Robert Morning Sky is an American Indian, who states that the stories of a few members from his tribe about their encounter with an extraterrestrial, who they had treated in the desert after the crash of his spaceship, have reached him. The extraterrestrial had revealed to them the history of mankind, according to which we had been created by the means of genetic manipulations and cultural implants by Orion Empire, ruled by the Queen-mother who was also known as the Goddess-mother. Due to this, all human languages had inherited traces of Orion language in their deepest roots.

Robert Morning Sky has researched the similarities in many human languages and, with the help of the basic Orion words supplied by the extraterrestrial, he has determined the traces of Orion. According to him, the word MA means the Goddess-mother in her aspect of birth, and UR as a suffix means the first of all and the most important. Thus MA-UR means the First, the Initial mother, who gave birth to everything.

This is very adequate and interesting for a number of reasons.

Firstly, according to Magura cave paintings the Goddess-mother gave birth to everything and especially to people. Prior to her, there had been no women and femininity, which to be able to give birth to anything, i.e. the Goddess-mother is the first female and the most important of all. Obviously from what was stated so far, one of her titles is MA-GURA and one of her creations is MA-GUR, which are closely related to the Orion word MA.

Secondly, the Goddess-mother of Magura takes a ray from the Sun and creates the female aspect of spirit from it and later on materializes this new type of spirit into women. All female figures in Magura cave have exactly the same shape as Orion constellation and most of all female figures have a „belt“ on their waists, i.e. a horizontal line through the waist, which distinguishes them from male figures.

It is interesting that exactly women have been created by the Goddess-mother as Orion Empire is said to promote female and to be ruled by the female.

This is again a complete match in terms of name and in terms of the paintings’ story.

It becomes even more interesting as we know the biography of Robert Morning Sky, who after many lectures in the USA disappeared for a long time, during which, in his words, he was in Europe, where he was initiated in a special brotherhood, which is related to caves and which guards and keeps the knowledge of the Goddess-mother of Orion. And Magura is actually a cave, which holds the same knowledge and which is supposedly connected with a secret brotherhood which is to hide the real meaning of the paintings by interpreting them as primitive despite of their obvious symbolism.

The books supplying this information has been published in Bulgarian by „Parallel reality“ with the following title:

Origin and history of the empires Orion and Sirius, Robert Morning Sky

The actual quotes:

The term“UR“ means „The first and of the highest rank of“ or „The initial“. When it is used as a suffix, it means „The first of the group“ of „A majestic person from“…

***

– The maternity was resembled by the term MA, the same root, which we on Earth use today as well. As an impersonation of nature of Maternity, the Queen, as a Mother, was called „MA“. But in her role of Queen’s Mother, she was known to everyone as „Her Majesty, Queen MA-MA, the Mother of Mothers“.

It’s quite simple, Mathu thought.

– Now point your attention to your list, Mathu… – Per said to him – Follow the titles with me…

… as the First Mother and the First subject of the Empire, she was known as MA-UR or simply as „The great MAR“…

6. Hypothesis 9, according to which the meaning of the name Magura is explained through its similarity with the word могила [mog’ila] (a mound)

The words MAGURA and МОГИЛА [MOGILA] (a mound) share the same structure as the structure of words is determined by the structural letter, which are the consonants. As is it widely known in linguistics, L and R are two sounds, which can change to one another over time.

МАГУРА MAGURA

МОГИЛА MOGILA

It is not only this, but Magura is a cave, located in a mound-like hill. Inside Magura cave there is a special gallery, in which the paintings are found and thus it resembles a sanctuary. At the same time, inside mounds, there is a chamber, which is occupied by a sacred place. The similarity is not only by the construction of the words, but by sense and designation as well, which evidence is sufficient to allow us decide Magura and a mound as almost the same things.

It is a curious fact that the word magura has been spread mostly to the north from Danube river, while the word могила [mogila] (a mound) is spread mostly to the south of Danube river, the reason of which is to be clarified and probably originates in ancient times, when a kind of separation of languages andor ethnicity took place.

The more important here is, that actually there is magura on both sides of Danube river, i.e. Magura cave itself in located in the center of the most massive concentration of the toponym and the word magura, resembled in its derivative могила [mogila] as well. Away from Magura cave and its location in the center of Balkan peninsula, with the increase of the distance, the concentration decreases, which leads to the conclusion, that Magura cave is the actual center, which caused the existence and the spread of word and name Magura at all.

It is even stranger, as it was mentioned, that Magura cave is located in the center of Balkan peninsula. The peninsula itself contains the highest concentration of the toponym Magura – once in Romania as „magura“ and then in Bulgaria as „могила“ [mogila] (a mound). The word могила is abundant in Ukraine as well – a territory which previously belonged to Bulgarian kingdoms, thus making the Balkan peninsula the indisputable home of the word magura with its derivative – могила.

Two suggestions about civilization development can be made.

According to the first one, Magura, its philosophy and knowledge come from a previous culture and civilization, which influenced or used to influence the whole world due to what we can find the name Magura all over the world, always concerning similar objects, meanings and philosophies.

According to the second suggestion, the cave itself and its locality is the seed of „Magura word and name culture“. Due to the significance of the knowledge in the paintings, Magura cave was the center to spread very important teachings from and thus it influences people over the whole planet. This is proved by the uneven spread of the toponyms, which are concentrated mostly in the highest proximity to the cave.

Actually, this thesis confirms the first assumption that the name Magura comes from Romanian language in this way: the name was preserved on the territory of Romania being inherited in its form thousands of years ago and being transmitted to people and nations, who have inhabited this territory; over time, the word has changed to the south from Danube river in its form and sense into the word могила [mogila] (a mound); therefore, the name of the cave seemingly comes from Romanian language, but it actually comes into Romanian language as well as in Bulgarian language from a previous source.

7. Hypothesis 10, according to which the name Magura means nothing, but is liked just because of its chime

Obviously, this hypothesis has no other value, except for this of an obligatory assumption, without which a research would look tendentious and deliberate as if it was trying to hide something.

If the name Magura meant nothing, it would not be possible to find names Magura in various parts of the world, which names concern similar and even the same things. This fact shows that Magura contains a clear and definitive meaning, which has been preserved similar in different parts of the world despite of the thousands of years.

Such an impact to produce that durable effects is for sure the result of a very impressive culture and philosophy, which was widely and thoroughly accepted. And such an acceptance may result only from a true teaching, which was able to produce real results and was based on real events, which were still remembered.

Additional information

  1. The meaning of the word magura and its similar word in other languages

After I systematized the basic hypotheses for the meaning and the origin of the name, I carried out a wider and deeper research on which places around the world the name Magura is found. Initially I managed to locate about 50 places and mark them on a map. Together with this search, the meaning of the word magura was searched for in encyclopedic and interpretation dictionaries of the various languages as well, in order to find exact words magura or its similarities, but appropriate dictionaries were barely found. The appropriate dictionaries must have a list with all of the words in the respective language, so one can look through the words one by one without missing a single word, so all derivatives and roots can be found.

The basic problem came from the dictionaries, in which one must write the whole word in order to get the result. It was not always possible to write the word correctly as I had to guess its spelling, so it a was a game of luck and had no real value for my research.

Specifically, I used Google Translator, which sometimes returns a translation only by a part of the word and thus deceived me. Other online dictionaries returned no result, if I didn’t manage to write the word correctly. This problem is especially big in these languages, where there are different variants of one and the same vowel – I just didn’t know the exact spelling of the words. Therefore, the only trustful search with documentary value was the one in the lists of words.

This research provided me with really important information, which is to be reviewed in a special article, because they lead to unsuspected conclusion, which shows Magura cave as the seed and the Balkans as the site of its origin.

No roots and similarities of magura were found during this search in the following languages: Hungarian, Serbian, Slovenian, Albanian, English, French, Russian.

The following were found:

Turkish:
– magara – cave;
– magaza – storage, shop;
– magdur – afflicted, offended;
– magrug – proud, to be proud.

Azerbaijani:
– ura – hilarity, mood, joy;
– ur – Ur;
– gur – strong, loud, noisy;
– gura – adjacent;
– magar – cave, of a cave;
– magara – of a cave;
– magaza – basement, storage;
– magul – less.

Arabic:

– magara / magura – cave (not sure how it is written)

Ancient Persian:
– magh – magnificent;
– mogh – priest;
– megh – sage.

Ukrainian:
– магура [magura] – a high mountain.

Slovak:
– magura – a hill, a height.

It turned out that to the east from Bulgaria the word magura has its similar word magar / magara with the meaning of a cave. This is really great with respect to the fact that Magura is actually a cave. The recent basic thesis of academic science is that magura comes from Romanian language, where it means a hill, but in the conception of Bulgarians Magura is rather a cave then a hill.

Magura is: Word Place Meaning
– a hill, a height
magura Romania hill;
mound;
height
magura Slovakia hill;
height
магура [magura] Ukraine a high mountain
magurica Romania a small hill
magule Romania cheekbones;
the jut of the shoulders
mugur Romania bud of flower
– a cave
magar Azerbaijan cave
magara Azerbaijan of a cave
magaza Azerbaijan storage;
basement
magara Turkey cave
magaza Turkey storage;
shop
magara Arabic cave
– a library
magur Sumeria a big boat;
Noah’s arch
  ur Sumeria place
  gur Sumeria offspring
  magh Persia magnificent
  mogh Persia priest
  megh Persia sage
  маг (mag, mage) everywhere adept, skillful, educated person;
a magician

So far a strange spread of the meanings has emerged (Figure 4).

Magura meaning split

Figure 4. Separation of the meanings of Magura.

To the north, north-west, or generally to the north and especially in the close area of Bulgaria (i.e. of Magura cave), the meanings of the word magura trend to the meaning of a hill, a mound, a height as in Ukrainian магура is already a high mountain, which is one of the minor senses of the word magura in Romanian. All leads to the conclusion that the kingdom of this meaning is the territory of Romania, where there are many similar words, all of them with the meaning of juts against the local terrain. In addition to this, the rest of the countries, where magura means a height, are all of them close to Romania and it can be concluded that actually the territory of Romania is the origin of this meaning of the word.

To the east from Bulgaria, the similarity of magura is magar / magara, which means a cave in Turkish and Azerbaijani. With this another branch of the word’s meaning appears.

At the end, we have a southern branch, in which we find the root mag with the meaning of a priest, an adept person and the root ur with the meaning of a place. There we also find the word magur which means a large cargo boat and the first of all names for Noah’s arch. This branch starts the western brach where we find the words mage, magos, magus with the meaning of a skilled, educated person who is therefore capable of magic.

We find three branches, all of them containing only one of Magura cave’s meanings, which derive from its features.

Magura cave is actually three things:

  • it is located inside a hill, inside a height;
  • it is a cave;
  • knowledge has been recorded inside it, which is in the base of being a mag – adept and skilled, to a priest.

Magura cave is the only intersection point of the three semantic branches and by any logic it is their origin. If a place contains the complete sense, this place is the origin. If a place contains only a part of the sense, the sense there is derivative.

So, only Magura cave is the intersection point of the three semantic branches. To the north, in Romania, the meaning of a hill has been preserved and it has passed to Romania’s neighboring territories – those of Slovakia and Ukraine, or the meaning of a hill has been initially preserved in all this area. The meaning of a cave has remained to the east, a the meaning of knowledge – to the south.

Now I want to show a few more interpretations.

First of all, there goes the obvious relation between magi and the caves. If magi used caves, they had a significant advantage, because a few people dared entering there thus bothering magi’s activities – in this way magi were well protected. This is one of the possible reasons why the meaning of a cave has preserved to the east – because caves were used mostly by magi. And there is no (was not discovered during the research) root of the word magara in these languages. For example, the Bulgarian word пещера (a cave) has its root in the Bulgarian word пещ (an oven) due to the similarity between an oven and a cave – they are both hollow. Then the word пещ originates from the old Bulgarian word печ (a cave). And печ is also the root of the word печка (a stove), as a stove has a cavity. Печ is also the root of the word пичка (vagina) as the vagina is indeed very similar to a cave and to a stove (пека) or to an oven as well. This perfectly illustrates the extreme consistency of Bulgarian language and demonstrates the way it should be in other languages if their words originated from them. Therefore, being a Bulgarian and due to this – being used to the consistent logic of Bulgarian language, you find it pretty easy to the extent of an intuitive ability, to detect the roots of a word and its derivatives. So, how is it possible a word to arise in a language, where it has no roots? Well, it can not, it is not possible – it has been imported. The logic is that these languages contain the word magara due to some borrowing, which was so powerful and convincing, that the word has domineered – in the same way as the meaning of a hill of the word magura has domineered to the north, but never originated in the present languages there.

After that, the word magura has no root in Romanian language. The logic is again the same – the word has been borrowed and it served as the base for the creation of several semantically related words:

  • mugur – a bud, which is a kind of a jut, of a height;
  • magule – sheekbones, the jut of the shoulders;
  • maguli – flatter, lie, deceive, seduce – all of them are actions which are aimed at influencing human mind, which is one of the objects of wizardry.

A lot more can be speculated on this topic, but the basic conclusion is very clear yet – Magura cave was the first of all in this semantic strips (with the same or with a similar name), and only over time its complete meaning has been forgotten and just separate aspects remained in various languages.

This is a confirmation of Hypothesis 2 – Magura is the original or a very similar to the original name of the cave.

It is possible that I find much more information in the next years, which will confirm or change what is stated here. But for now my hypothesis is supported – due to an unknown (so far) reason, Magura cave has come the initial library of knowledge for a period of time and therefore it has had impact and influence on local people. The cave had this or a very similar name back then, but because of the much time that has passed since then, the name’s forgetting and coloring has taken place. One of the directions have kept one part of the meaning, and other direction – another part of the initial sense of Magura.

I received a precious commentary for a publication on Facebook about this research and especially on the topic of Magura cave being the only intersection pint of the three meanings:

Now, which thing, which three-dimensional symbol unites these three things (the three meanings – a note by me) in a little bit more recent ages, from which more artifacts have survived till today? The obvious answer is – the pyramid.

(In chronological aspect, Thracian mounds are the transitory link between the sacred cave in the sacred mountain / the mountain is axis mundi, the axis of the world, the tree of life, the living place of the gods who brought the knowledge/ and pyramids, only that I do not want us to analyze the mounds [mogilite] / „maguri“-te (the maguras) from the ancient Thracian dialects/, because of the problem with seemingly missing knowledge in them. It is probably worth to delve into this topic, because for sure there is knowledge in Thracian mounds, but remains unreadable or misinterpreted by the official science. According to its character and with correspondence with its period, this knowledge must have been expressed through something between a rough symbolic painting and protoerogliohic writing. In more ancient maguras it must have been depicted like this:

http://www.institutet-science.com/bg/discovb.php

In the newer maguras, with the advance of art, knowledge must have been expressed through frescoes and murals and there is must be searched for.)

So, a pyramid is a symbol of a mountain (an artificially constructed mountain), a hill, a mound, a height. Corridors and chamber are constructed inside pyramids – an artificial cave system. Knowledge is kept inside them (murals, scrolls, parchments, frescoes…).

What has been shown so far allows a conclusion to be made, that the origin of the word magura is on the Balkans, which may culminate in the conclusion, that the Balkans civilization is the most ancient.

2. The spread of the name Magura around the world

A few years ago I did several hurried trials to found populated places with the name Magura around the world. Then I noticed that such places exist and I even managed to locate about ten of them in different parts of the world. Back then I used Google Earth and its feature to search for populated places by their names. Then I realized that the exact spelling of the name was crucial and therefore I could not carry a complete research. Because of this realization, I abandoned the trials, but I already knew that there are populated places with is distinct location on the planet.

I started a new, much wider research related to the writing of this chapter (a chapter, because it is going to be a book). I again began with Google Earth and again I came to the same problems. I tried to solve them by using the site http://www.wikimapia.org in order to expand the search and this increased the outcome in folds. But this lead to technical difficulties because of the unsatisfying capacity of PC I was using. Therefore the whole process became too slow and annoying as Google Earth appeared to have become a very heavy software and all the changing of the position in Wikimapia was causing rapid RAM overfilling. Due to this I was close to give up the search once again.

Then I decided to use Google Maps which works much better and has a really good browser thanks to which I found numbers of populated places with the name Magura, but no localities could be found. This was my first work with Google Maps and I soon noticed that I could create and save my own maps there with the places marked on them. This feature perfectly matched the needs of my research, because thus I could work a map for many days improving it still more.

Magura name spread 01

Figure 5. The first map showing the spread of the name Magura around the world.

Initially, using only the browser of Google Maps, I found about fifty objects with the name Magura – only populated places and companies. This was the first map I created (Figure 5). Later on it was upgraded and you can check it HERE.

The color coding means as it follows:

  • green – companies;
  • pink – companies, named after their owners, for example „Antoan Magura – legal advice“;
  • blue – localities with the name Magura;
  • red – populated places, which names are written exactly as Магура or Magura;
  • black – populated places, which names are very similar to Магура or Magura, for example Мадара, Magur, Mogur, Magara, etc.

Looking at this spread, I see three areas with high concentration of the name Magura – the Balkans, India and Japan. There is a faint strip which passes through Turkey.

Islam has been spread from the Balkans to India and it is known for its ruinous action on cultural and civilization development, when it is fundamental – it uproots music, limits arts, dances, philosophies, suppresses women, etc. I find this to be the main reason why there are no populated places with the name Magura is this vast region – because they have been obliterated. As you will see later, female base used to be really significant in Magura philosophy, which is against the conceptions of Islam – a religion, which turns women into possession. I think that if there has never been Islam, a thick strip of Magura names would lay all the way from the Balkans to India, which strip is now faintly implied on the territory of Turkey.

Then comes the complete lack of the name Magura on the territory of China, and then – a large number of Maguras in Japan. I suggest that for some reason, Magura route has been defaced on the territory of China. Actually, a few days after the creation of this map I had the chance to watch popular science program, which dealt with the first emperor of China, who inflicted a very powerful censorship on knowledge, ideas and philosophies, which were incongruous to the idea China’s union or in some way could compromise the idea of it. A tremendous purge was carried on. This has always been the constant policy of China since then, which, I suggest, is the real reason why no Magura can be found there.

If this together with Islam had never existed, then we would now observe a complete belt of Magura names a very similar derivatives all the way from Balkans, through Middle East and India down to Japan. This belt is still visible, although it has been dislocated over time, and it reveals the route of Magura culture and philosophy. We will see later, that Magura philosophy was highly developed and that is was the base of our modern concepts, philosophies, religions and teachings. Therefore it is no wonder that is spread all over the world and that this spread has created such a tremendous trace, dilated from the Balkans to Japan.

Probably the spread started about 42 000 years ago, when people had Magura philosophy for the first time and there were many waves of the spread – over periods of time.

The Last Glacial Age starts some 25 000 years ago and has a very powerful impact on civilizations preventing cultural exchange in northern latitudes for a very long time – till 12 000 – 11 000 years ago, but pushing cultural exchange to the south – exactly in the belt of Magura names – because these lands were free of glaciers. Therefore it can be assumed that no traces as names of populated places of the first Magura exchange period from 42 000 to 25 000 years ago have remained in the northern hemisphere. Most probably the toponyms on the map date between Last Glacial Age’s start about 25 000 years ago and the beginning of glaciers’ withdrawal which started some 11 000 years ago.

One of the postglacial civilization waves is the recorded military march to the east done by the Thracian ruler Dionysus. The march found primitive people in India and they were given culture, agriculture, science, civilization. The significance of this deed is so high, that Dionysus was proclaimed a god.

I supply this information about the march of Dionysus, which is found in the blog of Sparotok at www.blog.bg (the original article is in Bulgarian and below is the translation):

http://sparotok.blog.bg/politika/2009/10/15/dionis-i-trakiiskiia-pohod-kym-indiia.416191

DIONYSUS AND THE THRACIAN MARCH TO INDIA

A few know that, except for being a god of wine and fertility, Dionysus is also known as a great conqueror. With his maenads and satyrs he marches all the way to India, conquers local people and build a sacred city with the name Nisa (Ниса – in Bulgarian). Lucius Aryan tells that prior to the coming of Dionysus in India, local people had been nomads who had no towns. They were dressed in hides, ate the trees’ bark and raw meat. The Thracian god gave them fire, taught them plowing and sowing, to make wine, to construct, to forge weapons, he gave to them laws and religion, placing himself on top of the new pantheon. In other words, according to Aryan, Dionysus is the founder of the ancient Indian civilization.

The distant voyage of Dionysus is testified by Philostratus, Euripides, Higinis (Хигинис  – in Bulgarian), Cicero, Seneca, Apollodorus, Ovidius, Pliny, Strabo… If so many sources tell about the remarkable deeds of Dionysus, then his march must be a real historic fact. If Herodotus was able to call Indians the most numerous people, someone had supplied the Father of history with this information as he personally didn’t travel along Central Asia. However, Thracians were known for making large migrations thousands of kilometers away. Only they could supply the ancient historian with information about the population of distant Asia. Before Trojan war Greeks were not able to go even into Black sea, not to mention a more distant destination.

 A stable presence of Balkan people in India supposes the availability of toponyms which have parallels with those from Thracian-Pelasgian lands. Such actually exist, the word is about Vedic Imeus, Saraiu, Kubha, Meru, Bara, Rasa (if I actually translate the names correctly. In Bulgarian they are as it follows Имеус, Саряю, Кубха, Меру, Бара, Раса) The most interesting is that they reveal a connection not only to names from Ancient Thrace, but with Thracian-Pelasgian toponyms on the Apennine peninsula.

The Indian mountain Imeus had the same name as the Thracian one Hemus (the Balkan) and the Italic mountain Imeus. Imetos is a Pelasgian mountain. The ancient root is HIM responding to Aryan words hima, zima meaning зима [zima – winter in Bulgarian], frost and snow. The translation of Hemus, Imeus means snowy, white, covered with snow.

Kubha river, mentioned in Rigveda, demonstrates a relation to Kuban river (which ancient name is Hupanis [Хупанис]), the Misian river Hupanis and the Italic river Hiponium. Ather similar names of river bodies are Pelasgian Kefenos ans Kopais. The root HUP / KUP is related to the activity къпане [kupane – in Bulgarian – bathing] and the verb къпя се [kupya se – in Bulgarian – to have a bath]. Similar words are the Slovenian verb купати се [kupati se – in Slovenian – to have a bath], the Polish verb купач, etc. Rivers used to be a natural place for bathing in antiquity.

The Vedic Saraiu corresponds to the Pelasgian Aheron (Azeron) and Italic Aesaris, Auser. All they are water bodies and correspond to the word езеро [ezero – in Bulgarian – a lake].

Aryans watered their horses in Bara river. Its name is connected with the Thracian word пара/бара [para/bara] meaning a river and, of course, the Old Bulgarian and Slovenian word бара [bara] – a small river.

Rasa river, mentioned in ancient writings of India, demonstrates a relation with the Italic Rusele and the Thracian Rusion. All of them mean liquid, роса [rosa – in Bulgarian – dew].

The sacred for Dionysian worshipers peak Meru contains the root MER, meaning great, big and being found in the Italic toponym Merela and in the Thracian Maroneya and Vis-maros. The Thracian name Pirmerul is also related. It must be added that the root mer (great) is found in numbers of Old Bulgarian names as Vladimer, Bezmer, Ezdimer, Meril…

So many parallels can be hardly called an chance. Except for this, there are even more common things between Ancient India and Thrace. Lucius Aryan mentions, that Dionysus gave religion to Indians placing himself on the top of the pantheon. In Aryan religion Brahma is the creator of the world. Brahma corresponds to Bromuis – one of the Tracian god’s epithets. The name of Dionysus is related to the one of the Vedic Dius Pitar. He is known as the father of gods and is depicted a bull, just as Dionisus-Zagreus is depicted. The bull used to be symbol of raw power and fertility in ancient religions.

It must be clarified that initially Dionisus was a Thracian tzar, who has been deified after his death. Later on, other Thracian nobelties have spread the cult to him on three continents. In „The nature of teh gods“ Cicero mentions that Roman knew four dieties with the name Dionisus… One of them conquered India, another one went to Egypt and there he was called Osiris, the third one reached Iberia…

Let’s get back to the ancient Indian patheon. Zemela, the goddess of earth is called Mata Prtivi. Mata is the Old Bulgarian word матъ [mat – in Bulgarian – mother], and prviti corresponds to the Bulgarian word пръст [prast – in Bulgarian – soil], земя. In the patheon of Iran-Aryans, Prtivi is called Zam (corresponding to the word земя [zemya – in Bulgarian – earth, land]. There are more gods, who are common for Thracians and Indians. The Thracian god Perkun is the Indian god Parjania, the Thracian god Kersul is the Indian god Krshna, the Thracian god Balin/Baley is the Indian god Balarama.

We see that Aryan’s statement has a real base – exactly that a Thracian tzar (deified after his death) has done a deep impact on people of Ancient India. In the very Puranas (ancient Indian traditions) we find a confirmation of this. Godlike Brigus are mentioned there – they were warriors on chariots, who worshiped fire and brought it to people. The name of the mythical Brigus reminds of the Thracian ethnonym Brigians, whose most ancient lands were South-Western Bulgaria and Macedonia. According ti Hesychius, the birthplace of Dionysus was in Southern Thrace, i.e. Dionysus (the one who conquered India) was born in Ancient Brig and was the tzar of Brigians. It is supposed, that cult to wine and fertility initially originated with Brigians (Phrygians) and later on it has spread among their relative tribes.

Of course, with an army, recruited only from one tribe, it would be impossible to conquer a vast country like India. Its people might be primitive at that time, but they were numerous. Undoubtedly, the Thracian ruler brought more Ancient Balkan tribes with him. A good candidate are Getae, also called Scythians, because in the times of Herodotus there were Getae in Thrace and Getae (the great Getae) in Central Asia. They are who is mentioned in Rig Veda as Saki, about whom Strabo explains, that they were the Eastern Scythians, whose relative used to inhabit Bulgarian Dobrudzha. Kikonians should be another participant in the march of Dionysus, because Pliny the Elder says that the primitive Indian tribe Kassir was visited by them. Kikonians used to inhabit Southern Thrace during the second millennium B.C. Their cities Vismaros and Maroneya demonstrate a relation with Dionysus’ sacred peak Meru.

Brigians, Kikonians and Scythians, united by the Thracian tzar, relatively easy managed to conquer Indian tribes. Wearing shiny armor, Thracian charioteers must have been a frightful sight for local people. Not to mention the armed bacchantes and the satyrs dressed in goat hides. Of coarse, the initial shock was replaced by relief, when invaders from the Balkans started teaching Dravidians how to improve their lives. The organized agriculture and stock breeding were unknown to the dark-skinned population of India. Crafts and trade still did not exist there, but step bu step Thracians turned local people into prosperous nation by giving them means of labor and the knowledge to use them. Actually, the oldest types of weapons and instruments, found in Ancient India, have prototypes in Thrace. Names reveal a relation to Bulgarian, as well. Vedic kartaka corresponds to Bulgarian кортик [kortik – in Bulgarian – a hanger], tapar corresponds to Bulgarian топор [topor – in Bulgarian – an ax], sulaka corresponds to Bulgarian сулица [sulitsa – in Bulgarian –  a spear], chashka corresponds to Bulgarian чашка [chashka – in Bulgarian – a cup], and kosha  – to Bulgarian кош [kosh – in Bulgarian – a basket]…

Even the oldest names for metals are amazingly similar. Vedic kava is very similar to Bulgarian verb кова [kova – in Bulgarian – to smith], ковач [kovach – in Bulgarian – a smith], the Czech  kov (metal) and the Slovenian kovina (metal). Vedic jalica / kalayasa corresponds to Bulgarian, Serbian, Polish, and Slovanian word желязо / железо [zhelyazo / zhelezo – iron], and the Ancient Indian word shavaka corresponds to Bulgarian word живак [zhivak – in Bulgarian – the metal mercury] and to the verb шавам [shavam – in Bulgarian – to fidget] (because mercury is a liquid metal and therefore it fidgets, i.e. шава).

An important evidence fort the Thracian presence in Ancient India are the parallels between the writing of Mohendzhodaro and the much older writing of Gradeshnitsa, Karanovo, Vincha, Valtchi dol, etc. The word is about 20 sighs, which completely excludes the possibility of similarity by chance. A fact to be noticed as well is that swastika, often used in India, is found much earlier in the Neolithic civilization of Varna. Thracian ceramics ornamented with swastikas is about a thousand years older. The word swastika itself is explainable in Bulgarian. SWASTI (SVASTI), SHAISHTA means happiness in Indian-Aryan and Iranian-Aryan (the Bulgarian word for happiness is щастие [shtastie] which is really similar to swasti, svasti, shaishta), and KA is and diminuitival particle (here the author is wrong, because in this case KA is a suffix, which describes the materialization of the idea and the formation of an object, of a noun – a note by me) which is also found in Sanskrit and in Bulgarian words like девойка, стопанка, седянка, etc. Initially, swastika was a symbol of favorable action of Sun, which is the first deity, worshiped by mankind.

As the numerous historical sources talk about a march of s Thracian god (a deified tzar) to India, it means that is was a real event. This is confirmed by many names of locations, connectins Thrace and India, and by the parallels between Indian and Thracian deities as well. When even material cultures of India and Thrace reveal a significant similarity, it is the time that historians and archaeologists stop excuse themselves with the lack of evidences, and start the rewriting of Bulgarian history. Bulgarians have given so much to the world, it is now the time this to be acknowledged. The name Bulgarian must become a symbol of enlightenment, goodness and spiritual power. The blood of great tzars, of creators and spreaders of culture circulates in Bulgarians’ veins. This is what no one can steal from Bulgarians. If Bulgarians realize who they are, they start forging their future on their own. Only this way they will get the future they deserve. Bulgarian ancestors were called godlike, they amazed many nations with their qualities, let Bulgarians be faithful to their ancestors and show to the world what they can!

Dionysus was a Thracian tzar and the name Magura has its utmost concentration where Thracians used to live – look at the map – those are the territories of Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Poland, Asia Minor. Therefore it is understandable highly possibly was carried along the route of cultural exchange, waged by Dionysus and most probably he was the first to do so.

Rock paintings are found in India dating between 6 000 and 1 000. The are located in the area of Chaturbhujnath.

chaturbhujnath57

Figure 6. Rock paintings of Chaturbhujnath.

chaturbhujnath58

Figura 7. Rock paintings of Chaturbhujnath, which contain obvious traces of Magura style of depiction.

Note very well these two paintings from the rock shelter in India (Figure 7), located close to West Bengal and to the border with Bangladesh – two areas of a very high concentration of the name Magura.

chaturbhujnath location new

Figure 8. The location of Chaturbhujnath – the orange dot in Eastern India.

magura

Figure 9. On the left side – a male figure from Magura cave.
On the right side – a female figure from Magura cave.

Figure 9 shows a male figure from Magura cave (on the left side) and a female figure again from Magura cave (on the right side). Manlike figures from Magura cave, located in Bulgaria, have their bodies constructed of two equilateral triangles, joined with their vertices into the waist – just as the two human figures from India, shown above (Figure 7). Except for this both Indian and Magura figures have legs and arms. At the end, male figures from Magura cave do not have a belt on their waists, and female do have.

Manlike figures with their bodies depicted as two equilateral triangles joined with their vertices at the waist are very rare around the world, but in Magura cave they are regularity. Therefore, this feature brightest of all evidences, that such paintings belong to Magura culture. And the additional match „with a belt“ is an exquisite „trademark“ of Magura and therefore the presence of both features in the two Indian paintings determines them as of Magura.

Here is a question – what Magura cave paintings have to do 6 2000 km away from their origin and how have they got to this place? Not just a random place, but an area with a very high concentration of populated places with the name Magura? And furthermore that their age may be 5 000 years – more or less the time of tzar Dionysus’ march, which brought culture and civilization to India?

It is not only this, but look at the following image (Figure 10), again from the same rock shelter in India:

chatur

Figure 10. A scene of a military march at Chaturbhujnath.

It shows an army, containing infantry with bull’s horns on their helmets. The bull’s horns are a representation of arms of Magura manlike figures. Then comes the chariot, pulled by horses – a typical Thracian weaponry. Except for the horses, a deer has been depicted as deer’s antlers used to a symbol of the tzar’s power in antiquity. Several deers with markedly large antlers are present at Magura cave. The bodies of the troops have been depicted as two equilateral triangles, joined with their vertices at the waist.

And the most impressive for me is the entity, which marches at the rear of the group. Again a body, constructed of two equilateral triangles, joined with their vertices at the waist, which determines it to be of Magura. The fact that is has been depicted larger than the rest of the objects means, that is has a much larger power – it is a mag, who masters the power of fire. This is a mighty mag.

Exactly Magura is related to magi. And this army would not be completely of Magura, if there was not such an obvious mag in it.

Lets count the facts again, because it appears incredible even to men, that so many matches may exist at the same place an I am not completely sure I myself realize them completely:

  • these rock paintings from India are located exactly on the route, determined by the spread of Magura name along the world;
  • these rock paintings of India are located just near an area with a very high concentration of the name Magura;
  • these rock paintings from India look very much like the prehistoric paintings of Magura cave;
  • the paintings contain a chariot pulled by horses – just as Thracian;
  • there is a deer among the paintings – antlers used to be an ancient symbol of tzar’s power; there are depictions of deers in Magura cave; antlers have been found in tzars’ funerals of Thracians;
  • there is a clearly distinguishable figure of a mag among the paintings;
  • the scene represents a military march as the one of Dionysus;
  • according to dating of the paintings, they may be of the time of the military march of Dionysus.

On the rock wall we see a scene of a Thracian military march in India, which took place at least 5 000 years ago, and this scene is full from the bottom to the top of Magura symbolism. Note it: not indeed of Thracian symbolism, but of Magura one. You will see later that I decide Thracians as one of the closet beneficiaries of Magura culture and knowledge as well as one of its most important heralds.

Not only populated places are called Magura, but mythical entities of different nations’ folklores as well. Here is a mythical creature with the name Magura, who is part of Slavic mythology:

http://godsbay.ru/slavs/magura.html

Magura slav096

Figure 11. An image of goddess Magura in Slavic Mythology.

Daughter of the thunderer Perun, a cloudy deva, in Slavic mythology she is wonderful, winged, combative, Magura is similar to Nordic Valkyries. Her heart is forever devoted to glorious warriors and heroes. 

On the battlefield Magura refreshes the fighters with warlike shouts, her golden helmet shines at the Sun, inspires hope and joy into the hearts. But, if a warrior fall down from the hit of enemy’s sword of from the impaling of an arrow, Magura brings him away on her wings, touches the cold lips – and lets drink water from a golden cup. The one who tastes the living water, Magura brings him to Irya, in heavenly palaces, – for an eternal life, where in unearthly bliss he will forever remember the last kiss of Magura. 

А в Китайската митология, съществува феята / богинята Ma Gu, чието име още се чете като Ма Гу.

MA-GU

http://medicalmarijuana.bg/kitaiskata-feya-ma-gu/

 Ma-gu (in Chinese: 麻 – The Hemp maid) – in Taoism, the legendary immortal fairy (Chinese 仙 – „immortal; transcendent“), related to elixir of life and symbolic patron of  women  in Chinese mythology. She is also decided to be the good deity of spring and fertility, whose breath grants life. In Chinese literature, Ma-gu is described as a beautiful young woman with long talons of a bird, and more ancient myths relate her to caves. „Ma-gu sian-shou“ (Chinese 麻姑獻壽 – „Ma-go who welcomes the birthday“) is a popular character in Chinese art.

Folklore legends represent Ma-gu as a savior of people if trouble, she is depicted as accompanied by a bat, which symbolizes happiness; by a butterfly, which means a wish to the person that he or she liver longer than 90 years; followed by a little boy, as a prayer to the goddess to grant the grant the family with sons; carrying a peach – a fruit of longevity; carrying the magic mushroom, which gives immortality to those who have tasted it

The name Ma-gu is composed of two very common Chinese words: ma „hemp, hashish“ and gu – „a maid, an aunt“.

The word ma (written with the present hieroglyph 麻, which a derivative from another hieroglyph from the age of Zhou Dynasty, is composed of two ideographs: 林 – „plants” and 广 – „a shelter”) initially used to mean „hemp, hemp thread“.

Cannabis has always been cultivated in China starting back in Neolithic times. For example, hemp were used for the creation of the specific rope drawing on ceramic vessels from the culture Jansa, and the threads were used for production of tissues before the cultivation of cotton. 

The word gu (姑, a combination of女 – the root „woman“ and gu古 the morpheme „old“) is basically in Chinese terms for the woman’s kinship, for example „a sister of the father“ (gugu 姑姑), a syster of the husband (dagu 大姑 „the elder sister-in-law”) and „the husband of the mother“ (vengu 翁姑 „the husband of the parent”). Gu may also mean „a young woman, a maid, a girl“ (guanin 姑娘 „a girls, a daughter, a prostitute”) and religious titles (taogu 道姑 „a Taoist female priest”, higu 尼姑 „a Buddhist nun”).

The Chinese name Ma-gu is pronounced as Mago in Korean, and as Mako, Mago – in Japanese. Mago (마고, 麻姑) is a cosmogonic goddess in Chinese myths of the creation. Hwan calls her „a Great goddess„, describing the cult to her in the following way: „Magoism, the archaic female-centered cultural matrix of  Eastern Asia, a derivative of the worship of Mago as a creator, ancestor and ruler„. As the goddess-savior, Mago has passed into Korean folklore with the name Mago halmi. The Japanese Mako (麻姑) as a rule is a character of Chinese mythical history. 

I want to note the following peculiarities in this representation of Ma Gu:

  • she is a woman as well as the Goddess-mother from Magura;
  • she is also a mythical entity – a fairy, a goddess;
  • she is a patron of women, a the Goddess-mother from Magura is the creator and the essence of women;
  • she is thought to be a good deity of spring and fertility, who grants life – when the body (the depiction) of the Goddess-mother from Magura is stylized, it turns, in one of the several cases, into the symbol of the planet Earth in the position of the spring equinox. Except for this, the Goddess-mother from Magura is the one, who gives birth to everything;
  • more ancient myths relate Ma Gu to caves – and the Goddess-mother from Magura is obviously related to caves, not only because she has been depicted into Magura cave, but also because a cave is an analogy to the vagina. Note it – „more ancient myths“, meaning that an older idea of the goddess Ma Gu used to exist or still exists in China, which idea has been changed a lot;
  • Ma Gu is accompanied by a bat – bats live in caves and one of Magura cave’s symbols is the bat. I found this to be a direct connection to the first time when Chinese heard of Ma Gu and of the fact that she is related to caves ;
  • Ma Gu is also related to opiates – a Tantric sexual scene has been depicted in Magura cave, the described practice in which stimulates endocrine glands to produce natural body narcotics and thus leads to different states of consciousness. In Magura cave narcotic substances have been represented by the depiction of a poisonous mushroom;
  • in Chinese gu is related to the woman’s kinship – the Sumerian word gur means kin, offspring;
  • in Korea the name Ma Gu is pronounced as Mago;
  • Mago is a cosmogonic goddes in Korean myth of Creation. Hwan calls her „the Great goddess“ – in Magura cave, the Goddess-mother is in the base of cosmogony and the creation of the world. The Goddess-mother from Magura is also called The Great Goddess-mother;
  • „Magoism, the archaic female-centered cultural matrix of  Eastern Asia, a derivative of the worship of Mago as a creator, ancestor and ruler“ – it is supposed that Magura cave paintings describe an ancient world, where culture was female-based. The paintings clearly state, that the Goddess-mother.

There is some additional information about the fairy / the goddess Ma Gu

http://shop.hauntedcuriosities.com/Ma-Gu-The-Hemp-Princess-012612012.htm

Ma Gu looks like a teenager, but she’s an Immortal.  Legend says this fifth-century Taoist shaman and alchemist was so adept she could walk on water in her shoes. Her husband murdered her, dumping her body in a lake. Her primary temple stands where her body washed ashore. Ma Gu still walks over the surface of the lake; many claim to see her, especially at the beginning and end of each lunar month.

After she died, Ma Gu ascended to the celestial zone where she attained Fairy status and became Hsi Wang Mu’s handmaiden. As divine waitress, she serves the peaches of immortality to the Jade Emperor and the Heavenly Court. Ma Gu is venerated throughout China. Her devotees and shrines suffered terrible persecution during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976).

Her own life cut short by murder, Ma Gu abhors violence. Bloodshed is strictly tabooed in her sacred temple precinct: fishing and hunting are banned by order of Ma Gu, who personally enforces the prohibition. Allegedly, violators drown in her lake or become hopelessly lost.

 

  • Ma Gu is a goddess of good health and longevity.
  • She presides over spiritually powerful, intoxicating substances. 
  • She protects women, who may call on her if they feel endangered. 

 

Ma Gu’s favored people are women, shamans, alchemists, and mystic seekers. 

She resembles a beautiful eighteen-year-old dressed in a shimmery, iridescent gown. She wears her hair in a bun, but several strands inevitably loosen and fall to her waist. Her fingernails resemble long bird talons. 

 The standard image of Ma Gu portrays her bestowing peaches of immortality and/or a mystic elixir, which may be wine or an alchemical potion brewed from mushrooms or cannabis. This image is considered an auspicious birthday gift symbolic of good health, longevity, and immortality. 

If you are in any kind of trouble, if you need protection of any kind, this talisman, to which the spirit of Ma Gu has been bound, will ensure that you are kept safe from harm. She will render your enemies powerless and will lift you above your troubles. Sickness will be eradicated, depression and mental ailments of all kinds will be eliminated. Suffering will be a thing of the past. Happiness, love, joy, good health, and a long and abundant life will be yours. 

Here I want to comment as well:

  • in this text Ma Gu suddenly turned into an alchemist of 15tt century while the previous one tells about ancient legends and teaching. This is a very good example of how history may be rewritten over time and how divine features may be assigned to people;
  • then I want to draw your attention to the fact, that her primary temple is located next to a sacred lake. Magura cave is also located next to a lake – next to Rabisha lake;
  • the lack of bloodshed and violence in Ma Gu’s temples corresponds to the lack of scenes of murders, violence and sacrifice among the paintings of Magura cave;
  • Ma Gu is related to narcotic substances which have a powerful impact on spirit – several of Magura cave paintings represent a special sexual practice, which leads to a high release of hormones by the endocrine glands, which process is symbolized by a depiction of a poisonous mushroom. Such mushrooms have been used in order to achieve altered states of mind;
  • Ma Gu and its cult were an object of deletion during the Cultural Revolution – this fact supports the hypothesis that the name Magura has been wiped out of China territory, but once in used to present there.

This means that the name Magura has spread to China and beyond not only for populated places, but even an actual deity as well, which totally confirms that the presence of Magura in India is not by chance. It is not, because the name Magura and the corresponding philosophy, written down through the cave paintings, marched together. This clearly demonstrates that the spread of Magura name has started from Balkan peninsula as it has spread the philosophy as well, because these two features together are like a unique signature.

I understand that what has been stated so far may be too much for one day, and your soul has the right to still deny. Therefore I apply the later, much larger research on the name Magura around the world.

The large search for Magura names around the world

I image that 40 years ago the search for a name around the world might be a real pain. Now this is an easy task even for single surveyor, because there is a tremendous access to giant data bases all over the world. Thus I had the chance to find the site www.geonames.org, which contains millions of records of locations and populated places’ names around the whole globe. This site returns 199 results for the name Magura. Imagine it – actual 199 places around the world are called Magura without a difference even i a single letter! This is an impressive number I had never imagined to be possible, before I found this site.

But it is not only this. The site allows one to do two types of search – by the full name or a fuzzy search. The algorithm of the full name search returns only exact matches with the search condition. In the case of the fuzzy search, the algorithm returns various similarities.

After I marked all exact matches in my Google map, I checked what results would a fuzzy search return. The necessity of this is clear – for sure, time and distance have changed the name and the word magura into many versions. These versions are found at once with the fuzzy search, which returns various similarities of the search word or phrase. Thus the fuzzy search returned 2 870 results (localities and populated places) for the word magura.

The site creates a list of results in the form of a table, where there is additional information about every single result – in which country the object is located, whether it is a populated place of another type of landmark, its coordinates, etc. I copied the coordinates into the browser of Google Maps and it showed me the exact location on the world map. There I placed the corresponding sign. This is the method which I used to create the following map (Figure 12).

The meaning of the color legend:

  • blue circles – places and landmarks with the exact name Magura;
  • red circles – populated places with the exact name Magura;
  • yellow and pink circles and squares – populated places and landmarks with names, very similar to the name Magura.

The map can be found HERE.

The similarities I have marked are really close. These are such as Magor, Magora, Mogor, Mugur, Mugura, Maguro, Maguri, Masura, Mahura, etc. I have marked only the closest similarities, disregarding about 2 470 places with names such as Maura, Magra, Madura, Macora, Makuru, Mazury, which are very similar as well and unduly remain outside the map. My intention was to create a list, which is very hard to be argued, therefore it contains only very close similarities.

On Figure 12 I want to draw your attention to several peculiaritie.

map 1

Figure 12. A world map of the name Magura and its similarities.

map 2

Figure 13. Locations of the name Magura on the Balkans and in the Eastern Europe.

map 3

Figure 14. Locations of the name Magura in Western Bengal (India) and in Bnagladesh.

map 4

Figure 15. Locations of the name Magura in Central and Southern Africa.

map 5

Figure 16. Similarities of the name Magura in Asia Minor, Mesopotamia and Southern Asia.

map 6

Figure 17. Magura names in Japan and Pacific islands.

First of all, these are the several places with high concentration of the name Magura. In descending order they are as it follows:

    1. The Balkans and Eastern Europe (Figure 13).
    2. Bangladesh and West Bengal (India) – Figure 14.
    3. Central and Southern Africa (Figure 15).
    4. Asia Minor, Mesopotamia and Southern Asia (Figure 16).
    5. Japan and Pacific islands (Figure 17).

All these areas of high concentration are linked together by routes of the name Magura, which are visible enough on the world map (Figure 18):

map 7

Figure 18. Possible routes for the spread of the name Magura around the world.

From Tibet and Bangladesh going to the West through Afghanistan, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia and the Balkans to the territories of Cartage in Northern Africa, we see actual places of high concentration – all of them in areas, related to Thracians and in later times – to the seeming „coming“ of „Proto-Bulgarians“ on the Balkans, which was indeed the return of Thracians, who had prior to this gone to all these places. Harder to be explained are Japan, Southern and Central Africa.

There is, in Japan, the ancient Emperor’s city and palace Magura, which used to be forbidden till the end of the empire. This has been a sacred place during the whole history of Japan and the country used to ruled from there. In present times, the place meets high foreign delegations.

It seems strange and hard to be accepted, that in ancient times a civilization from the Balkans crossed the whole world and left its names and philosophies there. I can understand the perplexity as I had it too. I told myself this was totally impossible, because I had never studied it in school nor I had heard someone saying it. But I found a number of very interesting traces.

Prior to them, I want to tell about the most ordinary one of them, as mush as it can be decided less significant. In Eastern India we see a high concentration of populated places with the name Magura or a very similar one. The rock shelter paintings from Chaturbhujnath, which are very similar to Magura ones and possibly describe a Thracian military march with chariots, are also in the close area. Exactly in this are we find hundreds of populated places, which names end with the suffix PUR. A small example of them are Chandpur, Lakshmipur, Faridpur, Jamalpur, Madaripur, Shariatpur, Sherpur, Pirojpur, Meherpur, Shahjadpur, Sherpur, Saidpur. Populated places with the suffix PUR exist not only in India, but in Afghanistan and Iran as well – again on the route of Magura name spread as it is visible on the world map.

The suffix PUR surely contains the syllable UR, which in Sumerian means a place and is found in the names of the cities Ur, Uruk, Nippur, Shuruppak. Looking at so many populated places, which names end with the suffix PUR, we can suggest that the suffix designates a populated place just as in the case of the syllable UR. And this suggestion is true – a check on the Internet proves that the suffix PUR really refers to a populated place. We can also suggest that there is no chance in this. It is said that PUR comes from Sanskrit word PURAM, which means a city. A civilization march from the Balkans has brought UR to Mesopotamia and from there – along the obvious route on the world map – to India, which is the reason why there are so many Magura’s, as well as the suffix PUR for populated places. This suffix works similarly to Bulgarian word and suffix град [grad – in Bulgarian – a town, a city] – Златоград, Триград, Асеновград, Разгразд, Ивайловград, Димитровград. The combination of the presence of UR in Mesopotamia, the presence of PUR in India and the connecting router of Magura cultural march is one of the indicative facts, that such civilization waves from the Balkans really happened and they really went along the obvious routes on the world map.

The syllable UR has been inherited with the same ancient meaning in other languages as well. In Latin there is the word urbis meaning a town, a in English the word urban means of a city. In Romanian the word for a town is oraș where ur has transformed into or. The syllable ur and its similarities do not participate in the words for a town in the rest or Roman languages – French, Italian, Spanish, Portugal, which probably means that ur is not originally a Latin word, but it was indeed inherited through Roman contacts with Thracian tribes.

Here is something in addition which is my assumption for the meaning of the suffix PUR. We know, that India used to be ruled by Aryans for a long time, and they were white and formed the high castes. Those Aryans, according to a suggestion, were the Thracians of tzar Dionysus. They went to India from lands, where Magura was and is now a common name, which name may mean MAG-UR – the place of magi, the school, the university.

I am thinking of Aryans as the caste, which ruled India. Civilized people are known for the fact of living in populated places, which are the base of the state system, in which Bulgarians are known to have always been experts. Having so many cities, Bulgarians have had UR’s in which they have lived, i.e. they have been city population, i.e. urians, aryans. And Bulgarians are inheritors of Thracians, who brought civilization to India. It is known that only two countries in the world contain the root Aryan in their names – Bulgaria and Bavaria. I suggest it possible that the term Aryans has originated from the ancient Magura culture and generally refers to what is known as the Fifth race, which is indeed Homo sapiens sapiens, i.e. we – modern humans. As it will be demonstrated later on in the representation of the paintings and their philosophy, there is hardly any human teaching, which basis has not been described in Magura cave. Therefore it is possible that the whole culture of Homo sapiens sapiens originates from Magura culture, which has been spread all over the world through civilization marches. The traces of those marches are visible on the world map. Thus the whole modern humanity has been initiated in Ur Philosophy, which turned us into Aryans. A number of traces will powerfully link Bulgarians to this process.

Then here is the other fact. As I said above, the site www.geonames.com supplies full information about the places – whether they are populated places and geographical locations – rivers, hills, mountains, spring, etc. Thus one can observe what names to what objects are related.

I have in my hands a list of the objects in the order of appearance and I show them in thematic groups in order to achieve a better clarity.

  1. About water, small rivers and springs:
  • Ukraine – Магура [Magura] stream;
  • Russia – Мугур [Mugur] stream;
  • Saudi Arabia – Mugur oasis;
  • Kenya – Mugur spring;
  • Indonesia – Mugur spring;
  • Zimbabwe – Mavura stream

Earlier, it turned out that three branches of Magura name semantic inheritance exist – of a height, of a cave and of knowledge. Here a new branch appears – the one of springing water, what is an actual peculiarity of Magura cave and the related to it Rabisha lake.

  1. About heights:
  • Romania – numbers of hills with the name Magura;
  • Poland – mountains with the name Magura;
  • Slovakia – mountains and hills with the name Magura;
  • Ukraine – [Magura] mountain;
  • Mozambique – Maguro mountain;
  • Mozambique – Mapura mountain;
  • Zimbabwe – two hills with the name Mangura;
  • Zimbabwe – Magora hill;
  • Zimbabwe – Mavura hill;
  • Zimbabwe –Maura hill;
  • Zimbabwe – Makura hill;
  • Tanzania – Makura hill;
  • Tanzania –Maguda hill;
  • New Zealand – Mapura hill;
  • Botswana – Masura hill;
  • Cameroon –Magara hill;
  • Macedonia – Магара / Маргара [Magara / Margara] mountain;
  • Greece – Madara mountain;
  • Bulgaria – Мадара plateau.

These places have been marked on the map and they are part of the pink circles in the places of high concentration and along the routes of Magura name between them. We observe not only a similarity of names, but what they are related to, as well, i.e. there is also semantic similarity. These two factor together, point towards a solitary source of names and their meaning. The readers of this publication have already seen enough, so they can guess the source on their own.

Now we can return to the initial questions an hypotheses, which emerged in this chapter.

  1. Does the name Magura mean something or it has no sense? It was clearly demonstrated that Magura similar names and words have similar meanings and are related to similar objects. This fact means that along with word’s and the name’s transfer, the main semantic core has remained. This, in turn, demonstrates that the initial word magura has meaning, otherwise it could not have been transferred and discovered much later.

The so performed research and the collected during it data, allow us to make the following

Conclusion 1: The name Magura has a meaning, which can be reproduced on the base on the numerous meanings, which have preserved around the world.

  1. What is the meaning of the name Magura? Prior to all, as the meaning of the name Magura, a hill, a mountain, a height are discovered. Second by concentration is the meaning of a cave. The third position is for the meaning of water spring. The fourth position is for the meaning of a cargo boat.

If we analyse the possible roots of the name Magura or its derivatives, the most abundant of them is the word magic, followed by the word mag. Then comes the syllable ur together with its derivative pur, which both mean a place, most of all a populated place, i.e. a place, which is organized and intentionally used by people.

Magura cave actually combines all of this – it is a cave; it is related to springing water; it is a place, center of knowledge and education; its paintings tell about magic. There is no modern word, which contains all these meanings at the same time, although a number of semantically similar words can be given as an example: a sanctuary, a temple, a library, a mound, a pyramid, a school. Therefore I can not describe the meaning of Magura with a single word.

Conclusion 2: The name Magura means a center of human activity, aimed at keeping and spreading of knowledge and for many reasons it was established into a hollow hill, which over time became the reason for the construction of mounds, temples, sanctuaries and pyramids it its likeness.

  1. Where is the origin of the name Magura? There are two sources of knowledge about this question – the spread of the name Magura around the world and the spread of the name’s meaning around the globe. Concerning the spread of the name, the highest of all concentrations is on the Balkans furthermore with the lest changes in its spelling and pronunciation. It is normal, that the name is most abundant in the area where it originates from. Then, concerning the spread of its meanings, it was demonstrated that Magura cave unites all the meanings of the name and its derivatives. Only the source can contain the whole meaning. The information, which has been presented so far, leads me to the following

Conclusion 3: The origin of the name Magura is on the Balkans.

The data and its analysis reveal that in some ancient times – once or many times – cultural export from the Balkans was done to Northern Africa, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Central Asia, through China, in Japan, through Malay archipelago, Australia and the islands in the Pacific ocean as well as the whole Eastern shore of Africa.

A poor culture is not able to wage such tremendous marches, nor a poor philosophy can create sun a vast and durable impact. The Balkans, Magura culture of those times should be exclusively highly developed in comparison to the standards of the rest of its modern world. It is of real interest to research whether Magura cave paintings really reveal such remarkable philosophy and whether they can have some practical use.

Later update, 10.03.2016:

More then an year later I learned that a group of people in Bulgaria has been conducting an investigation on the spread of Kanatitsa symbol which is broadly used in Bulgarian folklore. A part of what they have created is the folloing map:

41

Figure 19. The spread of Kanatitsa symbols around the world.

Then look at the similarities in the spread of the name Magura and the symbols Kanatitsa:

KANATITSA 1

Figure 20. Spread of Magura name and Kanatitsa symbols around the world match pretty well.

On the basis of this it is easy to suggest the mutual spread of both from a single center.

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2 Коментари
  1. Анонимен permalink

    I am so much impressed by your research in the history of Magura. am romanian and in our village there is a terraced hilltop located in a strategic place between two rivers. Nobody remembers why the name and what its significance. There is a pattern that can be seen from the satellite, of straight lines enclosing several round shapes which are not arranged in what would suggest some sort of village. Archaeologists have discovered there some pottery and a human bone dating to a pre- Cucuteni culture. There was no evidence of a strategic military place or of people dwellings on the hilltop.
    Visiting Romania recently I was impressed by the high number of the terraced hilltops I have found.Not all were called Magura,and therefore probably were not serving the same purpose.
    To me it appears that there was a very ancient religious cult . of the mother – Ma- goddess that was possibly global and was associated with religious rituals on high hills. which were man-terraced and shaped to resemble kind of stepped pyramid design. I believe the pyramid and water was central to their religious beliefs and the cult is very ancient possibly from a time when possibly there was sort of internal sea in the space between the Europe and Asia and there was no Chinese wall . Some new discoveries in the Tarim basin were old mummies are all Caucasian, would also suggest there were no many Chinese people living in the current day China. That are very ancient times indeed.
    Advice : visit places called Magura in Romania. When sitting on the top of a terraced high Magura hill there, you will have that erring feeling, like a spiritual connection with our ancestors.

    I wander why they choose to flatten and terrace the highest hills and why the strategic placement of these places near the confluence of two big rivers. There is a connection with water and stepped pyramids like structures. Tradition in our village says there were giants living on some specific plants growing there,some poisonous aw rnd is said that some wild flowers and plants grow specifically in places called Magura and some of these places are protected by Romanian law. In our village the southern part of the village hill had collapsed. Was it from a cave or land slide caused by deforestation and land moving to build the terraces? .
    My feeling is there were some sort of ancient culture in Europe and Asia and a widespread religious cult dedicated to a primordial mother goddess, which implied religious rituals with dancing rebirth and water.Interestingly the double triangle in which the people are represented in the pictures from the Magura cave in Bulgaria was also associated with the double hammer sign of a mother goddess.

    The Carpato-Balcan area is such a old place, I suspect the future discoveries will find this civilization which is so old but has a very long history, dating from before the notion of state was invented and before the names of dacians, tracians even existed.

Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. Magura cave paintings are at least 32 500 years old. Copies of them used to be made and thus icons were created. | Великото сияние на Магура

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